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African Hunt Pricing

African hunt pricing tends to fall into one of three main structures:

  • Hunt packages which include the trophy fees for a set list of species.
  • All-inclusive, excluding trophy fees and possibly some client-dependent extras.
  • Itemised pricing - the daily rate plus a full list of all necessary fees and taxes.

"People want economy and they will pay any price to get it." Lee Iacocca

The Package Hunt

This sort of hunt is primarily to be found in southern Africa and can be the ideal introduction hunt for a beginner in African hunting. The hunter must decide which hunt length he prefers and whether his desired species are included in the package.

Example:



5 Day Beginners Hunting Package

Package is quoted on a 2x1 Basis, (for 1x1 there is an additional charge of $700)

$2980 Per Hunter
$740 Per Observer

5 Days/ 4 Nights:
1 Day at leisure
4 Days of Hunting accompanied by an experienced PH
Trophy Fees Included:
1 Black Wildebeest, 1 Blesbuck, 1 Springbuck



  • The hunter will obviously concentrate on obtaining his included species and if there is time, will, in most cases, be allowed to take other animals at the full trophy price.
  • The drawback of this type of hunt package is that you pay for the animals even if you are unsuccessful - there is usually no refund.
  • A variation on this theme is that some outfitters are offering 'build-your-own' packages where you hunt any species you like and if your trophy fees reach a certain target levels, you get a varying percentage discount. Be aware if you are hunting 2x1, the discounts usually apply to each hunter’s trophies not both together. Read the small print here.

The hunt price typically includes:

  • All accommodation & meals
  • Hunt transportation within the hunting area
  • Professional Hunter services
  • Camp staff services
  • Trophy field preparation

The hunt price typically excludes:

  • International airfares
  • Personal items
  • Insurance
  • Trophy dip & pack
  • Trophy shipping
  • Taxidermy work
  • Airport/camp road transfers
  • Tips
  • Other safari activities or trips

Things to check out when booking:

  • Are alcoholic beverages included?
  • Is the laundry service included or is an extra on a per item basis?
  • Are you charged for missed shots?
  • Are you being charged VAT?
  • Are you going to be charged extra for travelling to other hunting areas, eg fuel?

It has become increasingly prevalent in southern Africa that hunters are moved from farm to farm for different trophy species. All well and good if you know about this and don't mind but if it's sprung on you and you get to lose hunt time and an unexpected fuel bill, you have every reason to be annoyed. Another thing to check.

In the last year or so since the global recession hit, some hunting companies have got generous with their 'hunt includes'. Even round-trip transatlantic flights have been thrown in.

The All-Inclusive Hunt Price (with one or two extras)

This African hunt pricing is to be found often in Tanzania and other countries which have a myriad of Government hunting taxes. Outfitters find usually it more convenient to bundle all the costs into one price omitting the variables like air charters (dependent on aircraft size required) and firearm permits (dependent on number of firearms being brought in). All trophy fees are in addition to the hunt cost and should include any community development fees. This term may also referred to as 'village expansion contributions' and is frequently amalgamated with anti-poaching programs.

The hunt price typically includes:

  • All accommodation & meals
  • Alcoholic beverages (usually)
  • Hunt transportation within the hunting area
  • Professional Hunter services
  • Camp staff services
  • Trophy field preparation
  • Trophy export including dip & pack

The hunt price typically excludes:

  • Trophy fees and Community Development tax
  • Firearm permit fees - either in total or just if you bring more than 1 rifle
  • International airfares
  • Personal items
  • Insurance
  • Trophy shipping
  • Taxidermy work
  • Airport/camp road transfers or air charters (sometimes)
  • Tips
  • Other safari activities or trips

Things to check out when booking:

  • Is the air charter cost per aircraft or per person?
  • Are all the charter departure fees, safety and navigation fees extra to the quoted charter price?
  • Are camp alcoholic beverages included?

The Daily Rate Hunt Price with Itemized Taxes, Fees and Variable Extras

This hunt pricing structure is commonly used in Tanzania (as well as the all-inclusive hunt pricing above) and other countries where there are many Government taxes and fees. Comparing and contrasting these hunts often throws up discrepancies in what are usually fixed Government taxes. This is not typically a profit-making ploy but just the addition of the administrative costs involved to implement the procurement of a firearm permit, for example, which would otherwise be lumped into the Daily Rate.

All the Government taxes and fees in detail for Tanzania as from January 2009:

Conservation Fees
  • Occasionally referred to as Government Tax for the Protection of Nature
  • Payable by all visitors to Game Reserves and National Parks in Tanzania
  • US$150 per person per day if hunting
  • US$100 per person per day for a non-hunting observer
Concession Fees
  • Often referred to as Area Fees
  • Can range from US$150 to US$330 per day per hunter
  • Can range from US$50 to US$100 per day for a non-hunting observer
  • This fee covers the Government charges for leasing the hunting block and whatever the leaseholder feels fit to charge for the optimum maintenance of his block.
Hunting Licence
  • Government charge for the permit to hunt and is varied according to the licence length.
  • 10 day hunt licence – US$950 per hunter
  • 16 day hunt licence – US$1250 per hunter
  • 21 day hunt licence – US$1250 – US$1400 range per hunter
  • This permit is acquired prior to the start of the hunt for the named client and lists all the species he is allowed to hunt. It is completed as the hunt progresses by the Government Game Scout and also information pertaining to the GPS position of the animal shot, ecological conditions present at the time, is entered on this document. The client signs all copies at the conclusion of the hunt.
Trophy Export Permit Fee
  • This is the document obtained after the Government Game Fees are paid and is the permission to export the trophies taken as per the client’s hunting licence.
  • Cost varies according to the licence length
  • 10 day licence - US$400 per hunter
  • 16 day licence - US$500 per hunter
  • 21 day licence - US$500 per hunter
Firearm Import Permit Fee
  • Government charge per firearm to obtain a permit to allow the hunter to bring his firearm(s) into Tanzania
  • Ranges from US$120 -US$250
  • The permit is acquired in advance of arrival and will be presented to the Customs officer at the airport as the client passes through. The information on the permit must match the firearms to be inspected.
  • A firearm export permit is issued based on information from the import permit.
Ammunition Tax
  • This is a Government levy based on the total amount of ammunition the hunter brings into Tanzania.
  • Applicable usually for amounts over 100 rounds
  • Payable in US$ cash at the airport
  • US$30 per 100 rounds
Government Game Fees/Trophy Fees
  • These are the per species fee charged by the Government when an animal is killed or wounded/lost.
  • The fees are paid to the Wildlife Department in order to receive the Trophy Export permit.
  • These fees form the basis of your trophy fees which either have a Community Development percentage added or indicated as to be added.
  • Some outfitters charge these basic rates and some add their own profit margin.
  • Government game fees are doubled for bow hunters
Community Development Contributions
  • Also referred to as a 'contribution to Tanzanian villages'
  • This is a percentage of the per species trophy fees
  • The percentage can range from 10% - 30%
  • As the term indicates, it is a sum paid to the local community to improve their living conditions and village facilities. Hopefully by doing this, the local communities will play their part in controlling poaching.
  • Specific anti-poaching programs are often instituted and paid for by this contribution or part thereof.
Trophy Handling, Dipping and Packing, Documentation, Veterinary Clearance, Customs Clearance, transfer of trophies from bush to Dar es Salaam
  • Dependent upon difference licence length as varying quantities of trophies involved
  • 10 day licence - US$1200 per hunter
  • 16 day licence - US$1900 per hunter
  • 21 day licence - US$1900 - US$2100 range per hunter
  • Some outfitters charge a separate additional sum to transfer the trophies out of the bush - typically US$900 per hunter
  • Some outfitters charge additional sums to handle an elephant trophy - typically US$800
Long Distance Vehicle Tax
  • US$1500 per hunter
Air Charters
  • Most hunts in Tanzania require charter flights into the hunting areas as road transfers are long and difficult.
  • Usually costs are per aircraft though some outfitters charge per person.
  • Costs are based on the size of aircraft required and flight distance .
  • Fresh produce and other camp supplies for the hunt are often loaded on the aircraft with the hunter, so depending on the size of the hunting party and the camp requirement, a larger aircraft is used than may seem necessary. A large group of hunters may even require a second aircraft for supplies.
  • Air charters prices are subject to change due to fuel cost rises.
  • Additional charges for landing, air navigation, safety fees and departure tax may or may not be included in your charter quotation. These fees are payable by the client in US$ cash at the airport or can be paid in advance by the outfitter, as is often more convenient.
Other possible hunt charges
  • Extra vehicle rental - Optional extra should you wish your non-hunting clients to go out into the bush while you are hunting.
  • Extra vehicle rental - Optional and useful extra if you on a tight schedule, for example a 15 day hunt on a 21 day licence. Utilizing another vehicle to do cat baiting and bait checking leaves you free to continue hunting other species.
  • US$200 - US$400 per vehicle per day
Change of Hunting Area
  • Often a set one-time charge to move you and staff to another area in a split destination hunt.
  • Typically US$2500
  • If your change of area requires a charter flight, there will be these costs in addition.

African Hunt Pricing Variations:

In some countries like Mozambique, Botswana and Ethiopia, a client must purchase a licence for each animal they wish to hunt before the hunt. This licence fee is non-refundable should the animal not be taken.


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