Good safari hats are an essential part of your African hunting equipment - not only to protect yourself from the sun but also to reduce the chance of an animal spotting you and baling out of the area.
'No one knows how ungentlemanly he can look, until he has seen himself in a shocking bad hat.' Robert Smith Surtees
Emulating the old Victorian hunters and Theodore Roosevelt, you really ought to wear a pith helmet for a truly authentic African safari hat.
This hat (also known as a sun helmet, topee, sola topee, salacot or topi) was made of cork or the pith from the Sola plant of Asia and covered with cloth. It was designed to shade the head from the sun and was very popular with Europeans and Americans in tropical climates.
From 1870, the pith helmet was used by various military forces in the tropical colonies.
The helmet was made of pith with peaks front and rear, with holes for ventilation, a cloth covering and chin strap.
The pith helmet design is still prevalent as part military dress uniforms, though often decorated with spikes and plumes.
During the Anglo-Zulu war the British dyed their white cloth covering with tea, in an effort to camouflage. After this khaki coloured helmets became standard issue.
In the 1930s civilian life, the same pith helmet was worn (minus badges and regalia) to avoid sunstroke in the tropics by people of European origin, even indoors just in case the dangerous sun rays could penetrate the roof.
The potential dangers of the sun on the body was taken extremely seriously by the colonials in Africa and India. It was recommended they wear fabric 'neck curtains' hanging from the helmet to mid-back or even 3" thick spinal pads made of cork shavings.
Along with the pith helmet, slouch hats were also worn on safari in Africa, so-called because the brim on one side was down and on the other side was pinned up to the crown.
This style was used by the British military in the Boer Wars when there was a shortage of cork helmets.
Other armies also used the slouch hat as uniform in the tropics and today the Australian military still wear them in parade uniform.
The terai hat is a version of the slouch hat which was worn by the Gurkhas and named after a region in Nepal.
As with the slouch hat, the terai was made of felt with pugree wound round the crown. Pugree is the Indian word for turban and refers to the pleated hat band.
Often the non-military terai hat brims were not pinned up on one side but just elevated on one side at a rakish angle.
The double terai hat is a slouch hat with a double thickness crown and brim designed for extra sun protection.
The principles of the 'terai' sun protection were used to design acceptably feminine hats for ladies and alternative styles for men similar to bowler hats or clerical hats.
These were heydays of African hunting safaris when everyone who was anyone, disappeared into the African bush for months on end.
The felt slouch hat was still de riguer on African hunting safaris but the famous professional hunters of East Africa of this era injected a little Italian flair into their headwear.
Borsalino safari hats were practically mandatory headwear for all the professional hunters and consequently their hunting clients who were outfitted at Ahmed Brothers in Nairobi.
Borsalino was the leading manufacturer of the felt fedora hat from 1857 until the present. Originally furnished with a pugree hatband, the Borsalino safari hat has even been credited with saving the life of professional hunter Stan Lawrence Brown during an elephant attack. Read more in 'White Hunters: The Golden Age Of African Safaris' by Brian Herne
This eminently practical hat - sun-proof, wind-proof, water-proof, insect-proof and with 'secret' pockets, found it's way from the sailing club into the African bush, primarily on the heads of photographic safari-goers.
A change of colour from white to khaki or olive green and the original Tilley hat still does little for it's wearer in the way of style. Retaining all the original practical features, Tilley hats now come in a myriad of different styles which may suit some people.
When hunting in Africa, hat function is the prime concern. However, if want to look vaguely good in a hat here are a few tips on how to choose a hat to suit you.
Get the size and fit right so the hat is comfortable for many hours of wear. Even if you know head measurement, hat sizes may vary in different brands, styles and construction. You should measure around your head just above the top of your ears or where you want the hat to sit. It is too big if you vigorously shake your head or bend forward and the hat falls off. It is too small if it pinches or rubs anywhere and will be liable to give you a headache. If unsure about exact hat size, look for one which is adjustable.
For hunting in Africa you really don't want to be aware you are wearing a hat at all. Picking it up every few minutes if it falls off is a just a plain nuisance. It should stay put through most hunting action barring getting seriously caught up in a thorn tree or speeding along in the open hunting truck.
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Australian bush hats translate very well into the African bush and are very popular among African hunters. They are generally crushable, wide brimmed and some have mesh ventilation.
This Barmah hat has a genuine crocodile leather hatband with 5 genuine crocodile teeth. The hat is made of cattle hide leather, is water resistant and provides 50+ UV protection. Buy Now
This Kodiak oilskin pinch front hat features a 5" front hat crown with eyelets. Approx 4 1/4" crown, 3 1/2" wire reinforced welted edge brim. Check your size carefully - you might need a size smaller than you usually take. Buy Now
This rugged outback-style hat is ideal for days spent outdoors. It is made of 100% cotton with a UPF 50 rating. The hat crown is made of airy, breathable mesh. A solid hat band with logo wraps around the crown. A chin strap keeps your hat in place.
This men's Australian outback style hat is ideal for the African bush. It has an elastic sweatband to wick moisture, three brass eyelets in the crown for ventilation and even a built-in 'Koala pouch' in the top. Buy Now
The handmade Australian Akubra Banjo Paterson hat is a popular choice for a safari. It is made of the finest felt and features a 4" high crown at the front pinch and a 25/8" brim. The unique hat band is made from Barramundi, an Australian fish, and has a smooth shiny finish with a marbled quality. Fully lined with a reeded roan leather sweatband. This hat is rated UPF 50+ so in addition to looking nice it has the highest level of sun protection possible. Buy Now
This Akubra Snowy River hat has a low 4 1/4" pinched crown, 3 1/4" rolled brim and a braided leather hat band with the signature Aussie Dip in front and back. Buy Now
This hat is of wool construction and is water resistant and provides UPF 50 sun protection. It comes with a chin strap. Buy Now
This hat is made from 100% leather and has a wire retinforced brim so it can be crushed for travel, if needed. It is designed with a snap on each side which allows for a band or scarf of your choice. This hat is specially treated with waxes and oils to guard against the elements. It is also fitted with a comfortable suede sweat band. Buy Now
This durable,lightweight Australian canvas drover hat is made of polycotton and comes with a wide brim, chin cord and mesh sides to allow air flow. Comes in more suitable brown and khaki colours.Buy Now
This Barmah foldaway cooler hat is made of pig suede leather, has mesh sides, is foldable and is waterproof. It comes in sand, royal brown, chocolate and hickory colours which are far more suitable for African hunting. Buy Now
This Barmah Squashy Bronco Leather Hat is foldable and lightweight. The leather is vintage oiled with waxed finish - it is designed to look old when new. It is foldable into a supplied travel bag and is water resistant, with 50+ UV Protection. Buy Now
This Barmah Adventurer Fedora Leather Hat is made of pig suede leather, is foldable, water resistant and provides 50+UV sun protection. Buy Now
There are a large range of Tilley hats for men for diferent activities. For African hunting look for a cotton one with a chin cord, wide brim and some ventilation mesh.
This Tilley Airflo hat is completely crushable and guaranteed for life. It features a special mesh crown for unbeatable ventilation and UPF 50+ sun protection. The soft sweatband helps wick perspiration away from your forehead. A two-way head and chin cord keeps hat securely in place. Sloping brim channels rain away and there is an interior pocket. This popular hat is perfect for African hunting and the small strip of mesh, having small gaps, may even keep the tsetse flies out. Some find the hat brim too floppy - blows up in a wind. Buy Now
This Tilley Airflo camo hat has a medium brim with 3/4 inch polyester mesh in the crown plus dark underbrim for glare protection. It is constructed from water and mildew resistant supplex nylon. Maximum UPF 50+ sun protection rating. There is also a secret pocket in the crown for storing money or credit card. Buy Now
The Tilley Wanderer Hat offers excellent sun protection, rated UPF 50+ and is water repellent. Buy Now
Lots of hats suitable for Africa are made with UV resistant material. If you are are fair-skinned this feature is very important.
This crushable wool hat features a pinch front and a wide brim which offers great protection from sun with UPF 50. The 100% wool construction is water resistant and the wire brim lets you shape it how you want. Check the size carefully as it may come larger than expected. Buy Now
This Dorfman Pacific safari hat is made of 100% cotton with leather trim and provides 50+ UPF sun protection. This hat may run larger than your usual hat size. Buy Now
This safari hat is made of 'Solarweave' treated cotton giving 50+ UPF sun protection. It has a mesh crown for ventilation, 'Coolmax' sweatband, cotton chin cord and 3" brim. Also comes in a preferable olive colour.Buy Now
This classic Stetson hat is made of pure wool felt. It is trimmed with a genuine leather hatband, which features a replica of a vintage buffalo nickel. Fully lined. Buy Now
This rugged leather hat will protect you from the sun and features buffalo nickel metal accents on the hat band. The brim can be shaped to suit your style. 100% top-grain leather. Comfortable, moisture-wicking sweatband and adjustable chin cord. Buy Now
This tough Filson hat is well-suited for African hunting being made of 100% cotton with a water-repellent oil finish and leather hatband. 21/4" brim. Buy Now
The Henschel hiker cotton breezer has a 3" brim, leather band and chin cord. Buy Now
This Jaxon all-leather safari hat is edged in cotton, with a cotton reinforced underbrim for added stability. The hat has a 41/4" crown, 25/8" brim and comes complete with a brown leather band. It is also lined in satin and comes with the added protection of a cotton sweatband. Buy Now
This Dorfman Pacific oil cloth safari hat is water repellent, has a big brim with a chin cord. Buy Now