CITES Appendices | 2015
Finding the applicable up-to-date CITES appendices for African game species on the complex CITES website, then factoring in the different USF&W regulations is quite a mission, so hopefully this condensed version will be useful.
Click here for a complete table of the 2015 CITES appendices, hunting quotas, USF&W Endangered Species and EU classification for all huntable African animals.
It could be asked what is the point of CITES today when countries independently ban imports of hunting trophies? Classifications are supposed to be based on globally shared and sound scientific study, not on the whim of frequently warped, popular opinion. For example, what science is the US or Australia looking at when they ban elephant trophy imports from Mozambique or Tanzania where the EU gives a positive opinion for import of elephant in Mozambique and Tanzania in 2014?
Despite all the politically motivated and illogical decisions and anomalies, below are notes on specific CITES, USF&W, EU and Australian regulations as they apply to some African game species in some hunting countries.
- Elephant populations of Botswana, RSA, Namibia and Zimbabwe are classified as Appendix II. All other populations are CITES Appendix I.
- US hunters are NOT permitted to import any elephant trophies from any country except Namibia and South Africa.
- Forest elephants, Loxodonta cylotis are included in the CITES data for the savannah elephant, Loxodonta africana so are classified as CITES I.
- USF&W will not permit import of elephant trophies/products from Cameroon or Mozambique into the US.
- As of 2014 USF&W have extended this ban to cover sport-hunted elephant trophy products from Tanzania and Zimbabwe.
- Read the USF&W reasons for this elephant import suspension as it pertains to Zimbabwe
- Read the USF&W reasons for this elephant import suspension as it pertains to Tanzania
- EU has suspended import of all elephant hunting trophies from Cameroon, Tanzania, Mozambique and Zambia.
- Australia considers all African elephant as CITES I and as such will not issue an import permit for any sport hunted elephant trophy products.
- Although Botswana has a CITES quota of cheetah, these animals can not be hunted in Botswana.
- USF&W consider the cheetah as 'Endangered' and will not permit cheetah trophies/products to be imported into the US from any African country.
- Hunters from the EU may import cheetah trophies from Namibia as an Annex A species.
- No cheetah trophies may be exported from South Africa.
- Australia considers cheetah as CITES I and will not issue a permit to import any cheetah trophy products.
- USF&W will not permit import of leopard trophies/products from countries where they consider the leopard 'Endangered' which includes Central
African Republic and Ethiopia.
- Leopard populations from "countries south of and including Congo, Gabon, Uganda and Kenya" are considered as 'Threatened'. USF&W has never issued a permit for any leopard trophy from north and central Africa.
- US hunters may only import 2 leopards per person per year from Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe.
- Australia considers African leopard as CITES I and will not issue a permit to import any leopard trophy products.
- Hunting of lion is NOT permitted in Botswana or Zambia.
- All African lion populations are CITES Appendix II.
- The EU does not permit the import of lion trophies from Ethiopia.
- In 2015, the EU has restricted the import of lion trophies from Benin, Burkina Faso and Cameroon. These west African lion populations are now Annex A requiring a CITES import permit BUT as the EU has previously passed a 'negative opinion' on these lion populations, any import permit for hunting trophy exports will be denied. A 'negative opinion' implies that there is insufficient scientific evidence to show that trophy hunting is not detrimental to the conservation of the species.
- There is only a CITES lion quota in place for Ethiopia. The other hunting countries have set their own annual quota for lion which are Benin x 6, Burkina Faso x 6, cameroon x 6, Mozambique x 15, Namibia x 10, Tanzania x 50, Zimbabwe x 70.
- As of 2015, Australia considers all African lion populations as CITES I and will not issue a permit to import any lion trophy products.
- CITES will not allow hippo trophies to be exported from Mozambique.
- The EU will not allow hippo trophy imports from Cameroon or Mozambique.
- In 2015 the EU extended its stricter domestic measures to the import of all hippo trophies. An import permit will be required that guarantees that the origin of the hippo trophy is 'legal and sustainable'. "The permit will only be delivered once the EU is convinced that the import meets criteria demonstrating that it is sustainable. If the criteria are not met, the import will be banned".
- The scientific name for this animal is Philantomba monticola but it is sometimes known as Cephalophus monticola. USF&W will not accept the latter as the scientific name on the CITES Appendix II export permit. Non-compliance could result in loss of the trophy.
Guereza Colobus Monkey
- The EU does not allow the import of Guereza colobus monkey trophies from Ethiopia.
- USF&W consider the brown hyena as 'Endangered' and will not permit brown hyena trophies/products to be imported into the US. The brown hyena is NOT classified in CITES appendices.
- USF&W consider the Black-Faced Impala of Namibia as Endangered and will not permit black-faced impala trophies/products to be imported into the US. The black-faced impala is not classified in the CITES appendices.
- All monkeys and baboons are classified as CITES Appendix II.
- The African civet (Civettictis civetta) is a CITES Appendix III species in Botswana only, where it is not hunted anyway. All other civet populations are unclassified.
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