John Hanning Speke (1827 - 1864) was an officer in the British Indian army, who made three voyages of exploration to Africa and who is most associated with the search for the source of the Nile. The Speke's gazelle, Gazella spekei and sitatunga, Tragelaphus spekii, are named after him.
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Journal Of The Discovery Of The Source Of The Nile by John Hanning Speke (1863). The appendix contains a list of the plants collected by Captain Grant between Zanzibar and Cairo, also a list of men, their duties and pay during the expedition. Free eBook
What Led To The Discovery Of The Source Of The Nile by John Hanning Speke (1864) is composed of two parts, the 'Journal of Adventures in Somali Land' and the 'Journal of a Cruise on the Tanganyika Lake.' Speke had developed the idea to explore Central Africa alone with a view to collecting hitherto unknown species of fauna. It as then suggested that Speke join Richard Burton's expedition, which he did. It was during this expedition that Speke claimed to have discovered the true source of the Nile, but Burton and his associate, James Macqueen, immediately disputed his claims. Speke was granted command of a second expedition in 1860 to explore the Victoria Nyanza and verify his earlier findings. In the years 1863 and 1864 Speke published, respectively 'Journal Of The Discovery Of The Source Of The Nile' which actually covers his second expedition, with James Grant. This book, 'What Led To The Discovery Of The Source Of The Nile' narrates his first journey in the company of Burton. Free eBook
Lake Victoria: A Narrative Of Explorations In Search Of The Source Of The Nile by George Carless Swayne(1868) is compiled from the memoirs of John Hanning Speke and James Augustus Grant. Free eBook
First Footsteps In East Africa: Or An Exploration Of Harar by Sir Richard Burton & J H Speke(1856) is the account of Burton's first expedition to explore the interior of the Somali country and particularly the forbidden city of Harar, which no European was thought to have seen. Free eBook
Speke by Alexander Maitland (1971) is a biography about J H Speke. Speke's great achievement was the discovery in 1862 of the main source of the White Nile in Lake Victoria, Nyanza. He also was a member of Sir Richard Burton's abortive expedition to Somaliland.
The Travelling Naturalists by Clare Lloyd (1985) is a study of the lives and adventures of eight of the nineteenth century's travelling naturalists including Charles Waterton, John Hanning Speke, Henry Seebohm and Mary Kingsley.
Colonel Ernest Achey Loftus, CBE (1884 - 1987) was a soldier, teacher and diarist. At the age of 70, having retired from teaching in the UK, he took up several posts abroad, as Education Officer in Kenya, Nyasaland and Zambia. He was made Companion of the Order of the British Empire for his contributions to African education.
Speke And The Nile Source by E A Loftus (1954) is a compact biography of explorer John Hanning Speke.